Menstrual pains (another name – algodismenorrhea) are found in more than half of women with menstruation. Pain can appear a few days before the start of the menstrual period or during it. The severity and intensity of pain can vary from weak to very strong. It is not rare that such pain in some women disturbs their daily life, forces to miss work, classes and makes them see a doctor and use medication therapy.
The main symptoms of algodismenorrhea:
- Spasms and pain in the lower abdomen;
- Lower back pain, sometimes with spreading down the legs;
- Swelling or soreness of the mammary glands.
Additional symptoms are possible:
- Emotional instability (irritability, tearfulness, etc.);
- fatigue, general weakness;
- headaches, fainting;
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
The main methods of treating menstrual pain, which were confirmed by studies and are used at home, include the use of over-the-counter painkillers and antispasmodic meds, vitamins and mineral additives, thermal therapy.