Boris Kulizshkiy, Deputy Director for Biomedical Affairs, OKB RITM
How does it occur?
The causes are not well understood. The problem may result from:
irritation of nerves that cause pain and multiple sclerosis;
infection of the nerve by the herpes simplex virus.
An attack usually follows some sort of trigger. Possible triggers are: a light touch to the area brushing teeth chewing or swallowing exposure to hot or cold air or drinks.
What are the symptoms?
An attack of trigeminal neuralgia often brings severe stabbing or burning pain that comes in sudden jabs. The pain may last 1 to 15 minutes. The most common areas of attack are the cheeks and jaw. The frequency of the attacks varies from person to person. Between attacks, most people do not have pain, but some may have a dull ache.
How is it treated?
Anticonvulsant medicines, muscle relaxants, and antianxiety medicines may help to relieve pain. Some people may find pain is reduced or relieved by acupuncture, chiropractic adjustment, self-hypnosis, or meditation.
General approaches to the treatment of this pathology
• Combination with other methods